The Rolling Stones were in the vanguard of the British Invasion of bands that became popular in the US in 1964–65. At first noted for their longish hair as much as their music, the band are identified with the youthful and rebellious counterculture of the 1960s. Critic Sean Egan states that within a year of the release of their 1964 debut album, they "were being perceived by the youth of Britain and then the world as representatives of opposition to an old, cruel order - the antidote to a class-bound, authoritarian culture." They were instrumental in making blues a major part of rock and roll and of changing the international focus of blues culture to the original type blues typified by Chess Records artists such as Muddy Waters - writer of "Rollin' Stone", after which the band is named. The band was first led by Brian Jones but after teaming as the band's songwriters, Mick Jagger and Keith Richards assumed de facto leadership.
Listening to "Satisfaction", one would be freaked out by it. It's a combination of the riff and the chords moving underneath it. Keith wrote two-and three-note themes that were more powerful than any great solo. In "Gimme Shelter", he played the vibrato rhythm and the lead guitar that created a mood so dark and sinister which nobody has created before. Nobody does alternate tunings better than Keith. He had some cool tuning, that makes his chords so well-tuned that they sing. That is the core of every great guitar part on a Rolling Stones record. Keith finds the tuning that allows the work – the fretting, muting strings – to get out of the way of what he's feeling.
The Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989, and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004. Rolling Stone magazine ranked them fourth on the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" list.